Question: How is the Orthodox Church organized?

The Orthodox Church is decentralised, having no central authority, earthly head or a single Bishop in a leadership role. Thus, the Orthodox Church uses a synodical system canonically, which is significantly different from the hierarchically organised Catholic Church that follows the doctrine of papal supremacy.

What is the hierarchy of the Orthodox Church?

The three major orders in the Orthodoxy are: Bishops, Presbyters and Deacons. The two minor orders are: Subdeacon and Reader. Initially there were other sub orders like the exorcists, doorkeepers and acolytes but are not applicable any more.

What are some important features of the Orthodox Church?

Essentially the Orthodox Church shares much with the other Christian Churches in the belief that God revealed himself in Jesus Christ, and a belief in the incarnation of Christ, his crucifixion and resurrection. The Orthodox Church differs substantially in the way of life and worship.

Does the Orthodox Church have a pope?

The church has no central doctrinal or governmental authority analogous to the bishop of Rome (Pope), but the ecumenical patriarch of Constantinople is recognised by all as primus inter pares (“first among equals”) of the bishops.

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Eastern Orthodox Church
Other name(s) Orthodox Church, Orthodox Christian Church

Is the Orthodox Church one church?

The Eastern Orthodox Church has identified itself as the “one, holy, catholic, and apostolic church” in, for instance, synods held in 1836 and 1838 and in its correspondence with Pope Pius IX and Pope Leo XIII.

Can Orthodox priests marry?

Under Orthodox rules, a celibate priest cannot marry after ordination, and a non-celibate priest cannot remarry and remain a priest, even if his wife dies, he said. Widowers who remain celibate can become bishops, but that’s happened just once.

Who governs the Orthodox Church?

A member of the World Council of Churches and the National Council of Churches in the U.S.A., the Orthodox Church is governed by a council of bishops, clergy, and laity. It includes approximately 400 parishes, using mostly English in worship.

Is Orthodox different from Catholic?

The Catholic Church believes the pope to be infallible in matters of doctrine. Orthodox believers reject the infallibility of the pope and consider their own patriarchs, too, as human and thus subject to error. In this way, they are similar to Protestants, who also reject any notion of papal primacy.

Which came first Catholic or Orthodox?

The two were once one so originally there was no separation, and originally it was just the “Christian Church.” The Orthodox church is considered the original church now because they follow more of the old traditions than Roman Catholics do; more changes happened in the Catholic church after the east west schism than …

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What Bible does the Orthodox Church use?

The Orthodox Study Bible uses the New King James Version of the Bible as the basis for a fresh translation of the Septuagint text. The Septuagint is the Greek version of the Bible used by Christ, the Apostles, and the early church.

Why do Orthodox not have popes?

The Eastern Orthodox Church is opposed to the Roman Catholic doctrine of papal supremacy. While not denying that some form of primacy could exist for the Bishop of Rome, Orthodox Christians argue that the tradition of Rome’s primacy in the early Church was not equivalent to the current doctrine of supremacy.

Does the Orthodox Church pray to Mary?

According to practitioners, devotion to the Virgin Mary does not amount to worship, which is reserved for God. Both the Catholic and Orthodox traditions view Mary as subordinate to Christ, but uniquely so, in that she is seen as above all other creatures.

Can a Catholic go to an Orthodox church?

Both Catholics and Protestants are welcome to attend the Orthodox Mass but they CANNOT take Holy Communion, the Orthodox Priest is not allowed to give it to them.

Why did the Orthodox Church split from the Catholic Church?

The Great Schism came about due to a complex mix of religious disagreements and political conflicts. One of the many religious disagreements between the western (Roman) and eastern (Byzantine) branches of the church had to do with whether or not it was acceptable to use unleavened bread for the sacrament of communion.

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Who is the head of the Greek Orthodox Church?

ATHENS — Greece’s top Orthodox clerics on Thursday elected Metropolitan Ieronymos of Thebes, a seasoned cleric who has avoided conflict, to be the new leader of the Greek Orthodox Church.

What is the difference between Eastern and Oriental Orthodox Churches?

The Eastern Orthodox Churches accept position 1 and the Council of Chalcedon (451 CE). The Oriental Orthodox Churches reject Chalcedon and instead hold to position 2. Oriental Orthodox Churches include the Armenian Church, the Coptic Church, the Ethiopian Church and the Syrian Church of Antioch.

Sacred Tradition