What is the rock on which the church is built?

Through a revelation from the Father, Peter had confessed: “You are the Christ, the Son of the living God.” Our Lord then declared to him: “You are Peter, and on this rock I will build my Church, and the gates of Hades will not prevail against it.” Christ, the “living Stone”, thus assures his Church, built on Peter, of …

Why is Peter called the Rock?

He received from Jesus the name Cephas (from Aramaic Kepa [“Rock”]; hence Peter, from Petros, a Greek translation of Kepa).

Where did Peter build his church?

Church Fathers

According to Origen (184–253) and Eusebius, Peter “after having first founded the church at Antioch, went away to Rome preaching the Gospel, and he also, after [presiding over] the church in Antioch, presided over that of Rome until his death”.

What did Jesus say to Peter about the church?

In Matthew 16:18 Jesus then continues: And I say also unto thee, That thou art Peter, and upon this rock I will build my church; and the gates of hell shall not prevail against it. … The word “Peter” in this verse is, in Greek, “petros”, while this “rock” is “petra”.

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What does Petra mean in the Bible?

+3. Sela (Hebrew: סֶּלַע‎, transliteration Sela‛, meaning rock; Arabic: السلع‎, es-Sela‛; Greek: πέτρα, ‘Petra’; Latin: petra) is a geographical name encountered several times in the Hebrew Bible. Since, when used with article, it simply translates to “the rock”, it is unreasonable to connect it to just one location.

Who is the Rock Peter or Jesus?

Through a revelation from the Father, Peter had confessed: “You are the Christ, the Son of the living God.” Our Lord then declared to him: “You are Peter, and on this rock I will build my Church, and the gates of Hades will not prevail against it.” Christ, the “living Stone”, thus assures his Church, built on Peter, of …

Why was Peter given the keys to heaven?

According to Catholic teaching, Jesus promised the keys to heaven to Saint Peter, empowering him to take binding actions.

Why did Jesus chose Peter to build his church?

“Peter was trying to get Jesus to turn away from the cross,” Traylor says. “Jesus knew what he had to do to have victory,” Counce adds. Yet Jesus changed Peter’s name from Simon to Petra, or the rock, and chose him to lead the Christian church. Peter wasn’t the first called among the 12 disciples.

Who disowned Jesus 3 times?

Then Peter remembered the word Jesus had spoken: “Before the rooster crows, you will disown me three times.” And he went outside and wept bitterly.

Who was the 1st pope?

Peter, traditionally considered the first pope. Among these, 82 have been proclaimed saints, as have some antipopes (rival claimants to the papal throne who were appointed or elected in opposition to the legitimate pope).

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What is the church Jesus founded?

Origins. According to Catholic tradition, the Catholic Church was founded by Jesus Christ. The New Testament records Jesus’ activities and teaching, his appointment of the twelve Apostles, and his instructions to them to continue his work.

Who told Jesus he was the son of God?

For flesh and blood has not revealed this to you, but my Father who is in heaven” (Matthew 16:15–17). In Matthew 27:43, while Jesus hangs on the cross, the Jewish leaders mock him to ask God help, “for he said, I am the Son of God”, referring to the claim of Jesus to be the Son of God.

When did Jesus called Peter?

Gospel of Matthew

As Jesus was walking beside the Sea of Galilee, he saw two brothers, called Peter and his brother Andrew. They were casting a net into the lake, for they were fishermen. “Come, follow me,” Jesus said, “and I will make you fishers of men.” At once they left their nets and followed him.

Is Petra called in the Bible?

The Greek name Petra (“Rock”) probably replaced the biblical name Sela. Remains from the Paleolithic and Neolithic periods have been discovered at Petra, and Edomites are known to have occupied the area about 1200 bce. Centuries later the Nabataeans, an Arab tribe, occupied it and made it the capital of their kingdom.

Where is Petra located in the Bible?

Located amid rugged desert canyons and mountains in what is now the southwestern corner of the Hashemite Kingdom of Jordan, Petra was once a thriving trading center and the capital of the Nabataean empire between 400 B.C. and A.D. 106.

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What religion is Petra?

NABATEAN RELIGION . The scholarly consensus is that the Nabateans, whose kingdom flourished from about 400 bce to 106 ce and whose capital was Petra in Jordan, were in part the descendants of the earlier inhabitants of southern Jordan, though apparently ruled by a dynasty of north Arabian background.

Sacred Tradition