The Catholic Church believes the pope to be infallible in matters of doctrine. Orthodox believers reject the infallibility of the pope and consider their own patriarchs, too, as human and thus subject to error. In this way, they are similar to Protestants, who also reject any notion of papal primacy.
Why did the Orthodox Church split from the Catholic Church?
The Great Schism came about due to a complex mix of religious disagreements and political conflicts. One of the many religious disagreements between the western (Roman) and eastern (Byzantine) branches of the church had to do with whether or not it was acceptable to use unleavened bread for the sacrament of communion.
What are the major differences between Eastern Orthodox and Western Christianity?
While worshiping, the Western Church promotes kneeling position in prayer while Eastern Orthodox places of worship have normally standing followers. Unleavened bread (made without yeast) is utilized as a part of Roman church customs, while the Orthodox Church utilizes leavened bread.
What were the main differences and similarities between Orthodox and Catholic Christianity?
Both believe in the recorded text of the Bible as being authoritative and from God. The Roman Catholic Church accepts books that the Greek Orthodox regard as secondary sources of truth.
What is a significant difference between the Eastern Catholic Churches and the Eastern Orthodox churches?
what is a significant difference between the Eastern catholic churches and the eastern orthodox churches? The eastern orthodox churches are not in full communion with the catholic church. Eastern catholic chruches use icons, an iconostasis separates the altar and married men can become priests.
Which came first Catholic or Orthodox?
The two were once one so originally there was no separation, and originally it was just the “Christian Church.” The Orthodox church is considered the original church now because they follow more of the old traditions than Roman Catholics do; more changes happened in the Catholic church after the east west schism than …
Which is older Roman Catholic or Orthodox?
The Orthodox represents the original Christian Church because they trace their bishops back to the five early patriarchates of Rome, Alexandria, Jerusalem, Constantinople and Antioch. Decisions were made in council and there was no “pope”. … Therefore the Catholic Church is the oldest of all.
What is the difference between Christianity and Orthodox?
Orthodox: Conforming to approved doctrine. Christian: Follower Of Christ. … Protestants confess straight to God, Catholic confess mortal sins to a Priest, and venial sins straight to God (Orthodox have similar practice) Anglicans confess to Priests but considered optional. God always forgives sins in Jesus.
Can you be both Catholic and Orthodox?
Most Orthodox Churches allow marriages between members of the Catholic Church and the Orthodox Church. … Because the Catholic Church respects their celebration of the Mass as a true sacrament, intercommunion with the Eastern Orthodox in “suitable circumstances and with Church authority” is both possible and encouraged.
Does the Orthodox Church pray to Mary?
According to practitioners, devotion to the Virgin Mary does not amount to worship, which is reserved for God. Both the Catholic and Orthodox traditions view Mary as subordinate to Christ, but uniquely so, in that she is seen as above all other creatures.
What is the current relationship between the Orthodox and Catholic churches?
Contemporary relations between the Catholic and Orthodox Churches have been characterised by a push towards ecumenism and dialogue. The Second Vatican Council was instrumental in changing the Catholic Churches pastoral approach to dealing with the Orthodox.
Is Greek Orthodox the same as Catholic?
Historically, the term “Greek Orthodox” has been used to describe all Eastern Orthodox churches in general, since “Greek” in “Greek Orthodox” can refer to the heritage of the Byzantine Empire. … Thus, the Eastern Church came to be called “Greek” Orthodox in the same way that the Western Church is called “Roman” Catholic.
Who is the head of the Orthodox Church?
The nominal head of the Eastern Orthodox Churches is the Patriarch of Constantinople. However, he is only first among equals and has no real authority over Churches other than his own. There are 15 ‘autocephalous Churches’, listed in order of precedence.
What is the difference between Eastern and Oriental Orthodox Churches?
The Eastern Orthodox Churches accept position 1 and the Council of Chalcedon (451 CE). The Oriental Orthodox Churches reject Chalcedon and instead hold to position 2. Oriental Orthodox Churches include the Armenian Church, the Coptic Church, the Ethiopian Church and the Syrian Church of Antioch.
Can a Roman Catholic receive Communion in an Eastern Orthodox church?
The Eastern Orthodox Church is not in Communion with the Roman Church, nor is it in Communion with any Protestant denominational church. Eastern Orthodox Christians are forbidden from receiving Communion in any church other than Eastern Orthodox.